These short articles and interviews feature OSU research
related to the subsurface biosphere.
Research Coordination Network--TerreGenome: With strong
collaboration, this RCN was established to pursue the sequencing goal
and to facilitate activities that will increase our knowledge and
understanding of the soil metagenome. For more information, see the TerraGenome
website. Their poster,
International Soil Metagenome Network,
introduces the program and provides an outline of activities and
Containing Methane: Read
short web interview
where recent PhD graduate Brandon Briggs
describes his research on methane hydrates in deep marine sediments.
now a post-doc at Miami University in Ohio, and has co-authored
two recent papers with his OSU doctoral adviser
Discovery from Soil Bacteria: Attendees of the SBI
internship poster session in September had the opportunity to
see this poster by SBI intern Elisa Alphandary. It detailed her study on the potential use of soil bacteria in the
subsurface biosphere for medicinal uses. Her project was part of a
larger search for new antibiotics and drugs to fight human diseases led
by her SBI internship mentor Taifo Mahmud, associate professor of
medicinal chemistry in the College of Pharmacy. Read
more in Terra about Taifo's research.
New OSU Project
Investigates the Biodiversity of Deep Life - (posted February
11, 2011) - Professor of oceanography Rick Colwell describes a new
pilot grant from the Sloan Foundation to characterize the diversity of
life in deep subsurface environments.
- A 3D visualization tool
for particle transport - (posted November 2, 2010) Web
interview with Naoyuki Ochiai, a recent PhD student in Crop and Soil
Science on his research paper in the Vadose Zone Journal
on the use of micromodels and epi-fluorescence microscopy to visualize
the movement of contaminants or plant pathogens through soils and other
Bioremediation of High Concentrations of TCE - (posted
October 4, 2010) Web interview with former environmental engineering
and Subsurface Biosphere IGERT graduate student Andrew Sabalowsky about
two research papers in the October issue of Biotechnology
and Bioengineering. The papers propose a new model for why
bioremediation of the groundwater contaminant TCE slows when
contaminant concentrations are very high.
Profile of Julie
Pett-Ridge new assistant professor in the OSU Department of
Crop and Soil Science (posted November 5, 2009).
Poster Session Showcases
Research by 2009 SBI Undergraduate Interns (posted September
OSU Research on the Role
of Northwest Forests in the Global Carbon Cycle - (posted
July 9, 2009) Web interview with Beverly
Law, OSU Professor of Global Change Forest Science.
Plans for a Sabbatical in Denmark and Australia - (posted
June 5, 2009) The newly tenured faculty member in environmental engineering
is an expert in the micro-scale processes that control how water and
pollution move through soil and aquifers.
Microbial Communities as an Indicator of Soil Quality -
(posted May 4, 2009) Soil Science Professors Dave Myrold and Peter
Bottomley discuss the concept of soil quality, its link to soil
microbiology and a series of recent and forthcoming papers they
co-authored with Ph.D. graduate Guilherme Chaer.
Brian Wood, Associate
Professor of Environmental Engineering, Explains Upscaling -
(posted April 2, 2009)
Developing a Biosensor
to Increase Wastewater Treatment Efficiency - Part II (posted
February 4, 2009) - Tyler Radniecki, a post-doctoral researcher in
environmental engineering, describes the latest research efforts of an
interdisciplinary OSU team working to develop microbial biosensors that
could one day increase the efficiency of wastewater treatment plants or
monitor soil and groundwater contamination.
Benthic Microbial Fuel
Cells (posted January 8, 2009) - Mark
Nielsen, a doctoral student in Oceanography, describes
benthic microbial fuel cells, devices that use sea floor microbes to
generate electricity and could one day be used to power oceanographic
A Graduate Student's
Perspective on 7th International Symposium for Subsurface Microbiology
in Shizuoka, Japan (posted December 3, 2008) - Ellen Swogger,
a PhD student in environmental engineering, describes her experience at
this meeting in November 2008.
A New Grant to Study
Carbon Dynamics in Forest Soils (posted December 3, 2008) -
In September 2008, Kate Lajtha, professor in the Department of Botany
and Plant Pathology, received a five year grant to continue studies of
carbon storage and accumulation in forest soils at the Andrews
Experimental Forest. In this Web feature, she describes the
Reflections on the
Earth's Subsurface Biosphere IGERT Program (posted October
14, 2008) - The program provided two-year fellowships, special courses
and research opportunities to 34 graduate students at Oregon State and
Portland State Universities. Read a Web feature that describes some of
the highlights of the program and some reflections of faculty members
as the program drew to a close.
A "Smart Tracer" to
detect Suburface Microbiological Activity (posted September
11, 2008) - Geosciences professor Roy Haggerty discusses his work to
develop a “smart tracer” that can detect microbiological activity in
stream and groundwater systems.
2008 SBI Interns Gain
Hands-on Research Experience (posted August 7, 2008) - Read
about some of the projects and experiences of SBI undergraduate interns.
OSU's Mass Spectrometry
Facility and Microbial Proteomics (posted June 4, 2008) - An
overview of proteomics capabilities of the OSU Mass Spectrometry
facility with an emphasis on bottom up proteomics and the work of Sarah
Sowell, a doctoral student in Molecular and Cellular Biology.
Spice Up Your Subsurface
Research with a Little Sushi and Sumo (posted April 2, 2008)
- A conversation with Rick
Colwell (College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences) about
the upcoming International
Symposium for Subsurface Microbiology (ISSM) in Shizuoka,
Microscope Facility (posted March 10, 2008) - An overview of
this shared facility operated by the Center for Genome Research and
Biocomputing and the Environmental Health Science Center.
Sequencing Technology at OSU (posted January 15, 2008) -
Assistant professor Jeff Chang (Botany and Plant Pathology) discusses
OSU's new Illumina
1G Genome Analyzer, some of its applications, and the
logistics to get started.
Developing a Biosensor
to Increase Waste Water Treatment Efficiency (posted December
6, 2007) - A conversation with Botany and Plant Pathology researchers Dan
Arp and Barbara Gvakharia.
students write a review paper on anaerobic oxidation of methane
(posted November 12, 2007) - Features a graduate student team from the
OSU/PSU Earth’s Subsurface Biosphere IGERT program.
Nitrogen cycling and
microbial communities in forest soils (posted June 7, 2007) -
Features Stephanie Boyle, a Subsurface Biosphere IGERT student who
recently defended her Ph.D. in Soil Science.
Forest wildfire effects
on soil microbial communities (posted May 3, 2007) - Features
Forest Science student Cassie Hebel, who recently defended her M.S.
groundwater remediation (posted April 2, 2007) - Features
Mandy Michalsen, a Subsurface Biosphere IGERT student who recently
completed her Ph.D. in Civil Engineering.
Profile of Markus Kleber,
SBI faculty member in Soil Microbiology and Chemistry (posted February
Molybdenum isotopes in
marine sediments (posted February 6, 2007) - Features Rebecca
Poulson, a Subsurface Biosphere IGERT student and Oceanography doctoral
A comparison of nitrite
producing soil bacteria (posted January 11, 2007) - Features
Anne Taylor, a Subsurface Biosphere IGERT student and Environmental
Engineering doctoral student.
450 meters underground (posted December 10, 2006) - Features
Mark Nielsen, a Subsurface Biosphere IGERTand Oceanography doctoral
Profile of Dr. Dorthe
Wildenschild, SBI faculty member in Environmental Engineering
(posted November 6, 2006).
Profile of Dr. Rick
Colwell, SBI faculty member in the College of Oceanic and
Atmospheric Sciences (posted June 1, 2006).
"Push-pull" tests - an
innovative way to study underground microbes (posted April 3,
Study of microbial
fossils adds to the “Life on Mars” debate (posted March 21,
Mapping the Genome of Nitrobacter
March 10, 2006) - Features Shawn Starkenburg, a Subsurface Biosphere
IGERT student and doctoral student in Microbiology.